What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder could be a mental state that is additionally referred to as manic depressive illness.This condition brings severe high and low moods in folks affected with this sickness.This disease, even alters the energy levels, thinking, sleeping and behavioral patterns of the persons who get affected by this disease.
Patients who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder can have periods when then will feel overly energized and happy and sometimes again get bogged down with the feelings of hopelessness, sluggishness, self-pity, and sadness. However, in-between these two phases, when they are well, they behave absolutely normal.
It is for these two “poles” of moods which are diametrically opposite to each other that this disease is known as bipolar disorder syndromePer se, this disorder is also known as ‘manic’ disorder because people suffering from this mental illness, when they feel overly excited and confident, they become reckless and impulsive, whichoften makes them take hasty selections, purely based on their cognitive impulses.
Patients who are suffering from severe bipolar sickness, also often becomes delusive and thereafter hallucinate about seeing, thinking or believing things that are farfetched from reality.However, there are several bipolar folks, who suffer from hypomania, which describes the milder symptoms of bipolar mania, and hence their symptoms do not interfere with their everyday lives.This condition is additionally occasionally referred to as clinical-depression during which bipolar patients ne'er endure maniac episodes.
Who are affected?
Experts on this sickness, says that more than 70% of patients suffering from bipolar disease spends more time fighting depressive syndromes than manic or hypomanic episodes in their lives.The bipolar disease generally develops in the affected persons when they are in their adolescence or young adulthood. It has been noticed by experts that this illness rarely happens in people during their childhood.
Often affective disorder runs within the family and men and ladies square measure equally affected with this sickness.Nevertheless, women, unlike men go through ‘rapid cycling’ when affected with this malady which is having 4 or more distinct mood shifts within a year.And so ladies pay longer staying depressed than men full of bipolar sickness.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder :
As there is no single cause, hence brain changes, genes, and stress all can play a role in the clinical progression of this disease.
How is the condition treated?
Bipolar disorder are often treated, however this sickness desires long in progress care.
Apart from talk-therapy, medications such as mood-stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs, and antidepressants are often prescribed according to the severity of the conditions for the patients suffering from this disease.
• Can't be cured, but treatment helps
• Require medical diagnosis.
• Lab test sometimes required
• Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
• Mood swings like sadness, or elevated mood.
• Loss of interest or sudden pleasure in activities.
• Delusion and lack of concentration.
• The manic episode, or paranoia.
• Difficulty falling asleep or excess sleepiness.
• Weight gain or acute weight loss.
• Rapid and frenzied speaking.