Cholesterol may be a waxy substance found in your blood. Your body needs cholesterol to create healthy cells, but high levels of cholesterol can increase your risk of heart condition .
With high cholesterol, you'll develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits grow, making it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries. Sometimes, those deposits can break suddenly and form a clot that causes a attack or stroke.High cholesterol are often inherited, but it's often the results of unhealthy lifestyle choices, which make it preventable and treatable. A healthy diet, regular exercise and sometimes medication can help reduce high cholesterol.
High cholesterol has no symptoms. A biopsy is that the only thanks to detect if you've got it.
Cholesterol is carried through your blood, attached to proteins. This mix of proteins and cholesterol is named a lipoprotein. There are differing types of cholesterol, supported what the lipoprotein carries. They are:
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) - LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, transports cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol builds up within the walls of your arteries, making them hard and narrow.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) - HDL, or "good" cholesterol, picks up excess cholesterol and takes it back to your liver. A lipid profile also typically measures triglycerides, a kind of fat within the blood. Having a high triglyceride level also can increase your risk of heart condition. Factors you'll control — like inactivity, obesity and an unhealthy diet — contribute to high cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol. Factors beyond your control might play a task , too. for instance , your genetic makeup might keep cells from removing LDL cholesterol from your blood efficiently or cause your liver to supply an excessive amount of cholesterol.
Factors which will increase your risk of bad cholesterol include:
Poor diet - Eating saturated fat, found in animal products, and trans fats, found in some commercially baked cookies and crackers and microwave popcorn, can raise your cholesterol level. Foods that are high in cholesterol, like meat and full-fat dairy products, also will increase your cholesterol.
Obesity - Having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater puts you in danger of high cholesterol.
Lack of exercise - Exercise helps boost your body's HDL, or "good," cholesterol while increasing the dimensions of the particles that structure your LDL, or "bad," cholesterol, which makes it less harmful.
Smoking - Cigarette smoking damages the walls of your blood vessels, making them more susceptible to accumulate fatty deposits. Smoking may additionally lower your level of HDL, or "good," cholesterol.
Age - Because your body's chemistry changes as you age, your risk of high cholesterol climbs. as an example , as you age, your liver becomes less ready to remove LDL cholesterol .
Diabetes - High blood glucose contributes to higher levels of a dangerous cholesterol called very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and lower HDL cholesterol . High blood glucose also damages the liner of your arteries.
The same heart-healthy lifestyle changes which will lower your cholesterol can help prevent you from having high cholesterol within the first place. to assist prevent high cholesterol, you can:
Ø Eat a low-sodium diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables and whole grains
Ø Limit the quantity of animal fats and use good fats carefully
Ø Lose extra pounds and maintain a healthy weight
Ø Quit smoking
Ø Exercise on most days of the week for a minimum of half-hour
Ø Drink alcohol carefully , if at all
Ø Manage stress
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