Varicose veins (varicosities) are twisted, enlarged veins at the skin surface. The word comes from the Latin word varix, which means "twisted."
Varicose veins occur due to poor functioning (malfunction) of valves in the deeper leg veins (venous insufficiency), making blood back up (pool) in the legs, with the resulting pressure causing surface veins to enlarge.
Who's at risk?
Varicose veins affect up to 60% of yank adults. Women are more often affected than men.
You are at greater risk if you:
Ø Are older
Ø Have other family members with varicose veins
Ø Are overweight
Ø Stand for long periods of time
Varicose veins often first occur during pregnancy, when the growing baby exerts pressure on the mother's leg veins.
Signs and Symptoms
Bulging, cord-like, twisted, soft, blue-to-purple swellings are seen on the legs, anywhere from the groin to the ankle. Many times there are no symptoms, but some people complain of burning, throbbing, muscle cramping, swelling, or an achy or heavy feeling in the legs.
Compression stockings (to help blood return to the guts and provides extra support to the damaged veins) are the primary thing to undertake . This may be difficult, as you want to look for the right kind, and that they are tighter and need more effort to place on than regular hose and socks. However, wearing compression stockings is the most important thing you can do and will be required by any doctor you see.
For the utmost benefit, compression stockings must be worn a day and placed on when first getting out of bed, before gravity features a chance to cause the legs to swell. Non-prescription compression (or pressure) stockings are sold in many pharmacies and medical supply stores. They are also available on the Internet. Many styles, colors, and strengths are available. Make sure they fit properly. You may need to measure your leg to assure proper fit. For people with arthritis, there are devices to help you put on compression stockings.
To prevent varicose veins from getting worse:
Ø Lose weight
Ø Avoid tight clothing, which holds back blood from returning to the heart
Ø Elevate your legs
Ø Avoid long periods of standing
When to Seek Medical Care
See your doctor if compression stockings do not improve your symptoms, if you have a breakdown in the skin (ulcer), or if you have severe swelling or pain in your leg.
You might also see a doctor if you are concerned with how the veins appear and are considering having them removed. Insurance will usually not cover treatment of varicose veins for cosmetic reasons.
Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
If you've got any signs of infection or skin breakdown, antibiotics or special dressings could also be recommended.
An exam will be done to evaluate blood flow (circulation) in your leg. An ultrasound test may be done to check for a blood clot.
You may be mentioned a vein specialist (phlebologist) to debate treatment options, which include:
Ø Endovenous (inside the vein) laser
Ø Radiofrequency treatment
Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of www.myonlinedoctor.co.in