What is Eczema?
Eczema could be a medical condition that is characterised by rough, cracked, red, unquiet and inflamed patches of skin.Sometimes blisters can also occur. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis.
• Eczema affects the skin functions due to genetic factors, irritated skin, bacterial infection and nutrient deficiencies.
• Foods such as like dairy products and nuts can also trigger eczema symptoms.
• It can sometimes also be triggered by environment factors like pollen ad smoke.
• The treatments usually focuses on treating damaged skin and reducing the symptoms of eczema
• For many people eczema usually disappears but for others it can last lifelong.
What causes eczema?
The exact explanation for skindisease remains not glorious however studies recommend that it happens thanks tothe mix of genetic (hereditary) and environmental factors.
Children area unit prone in developing unwellness|disease of the skin|skin disorder|skin problem|skin condition} if each or one in every of the parent has atopic disease.
Other causes of eczema include:
• Irritants- Juices, disinfectants, shampoos, detergents, soaps and juices from vegetables, meats and fresh fruits.
• Allergens- Dandruff, mold, pollens, pets and dust mites.
• Microbes- Some bacteria like ‘Staphylococcus aureus’ or certain fungi and virus.
• Cold and hot temperatures- Perspiration from exercise, high low humidity and hot weather can also irritate the skin and trigger eczema.
• Foods- Certain foods like wheat, soy products, seeds, nuts, eggs and dairy products can also trigger eczema.
• Stress- Usually stress can worsen the symptoms of eczema.
• Hormones- Women who have eczema usually experience worsening of the symptoms during menstruation and pregnancy. This usually happens when the hormones level start fluctuating.
Types of eczema:
• Allergic contact dermatitis (eczema)- A skin reaction which occurs with contact to a foreign substance.
• Contact eczema- This occurs when the skin comes into contact with a certain allergen.
• Dyshidrotic eczema- Irritation of the skin on the soles of the feet and palms and is characterized by tiny blisters.
• Neurodermatitis- Scaly and itchy patches on the lower legs, wrists, forearms and hands.
• Nummular eczema- Circular patches which are itchy, scaly and crusty.
• Seborrheic eczema- yellowish, scaly and oily ptches of skin occur on the face and scalp.
• Stasis dermatitis- This disorder is usually related to circulatory problems and is characterized by skin irritation on the lower legs.
Eczema is usually diagnosed by a dermatologist. He/she can recommend patch testing, skin prick testing and supervised food challenges.
Treatable by medical professional
Require medical diagnosis
Lab test required
Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin