Female pattern baldness (alopecia) may be a sort of hair loss affecting women thanks to an inherited susceptibility. It is most ordinarily noticed after menopause, although it's going to begin earlier.
Female pattern baldness is thanks to a mixture of a case history of balding (in men or women from either parent's side of the family), aging, and hormones. Female pattern baldness isn't thanks to a vitamin deficiency, poor circulation, dandruff, or wearing hats. There is progressive shrinking of the hair follicles until they produce only a fine, wispy hair or cease functioning.
Signs and Symptoms
The pattern of hair loss is different in women than men; the hairline is preserved while there is diffuse thinning of the hair of the crown and frontal scalp. Total hair loss is very rare.
The hair loss related to female pattern baldness, although permanent, requires no treatment if you're comfortable together with your appearance.
Hair loss can have a big psychologic impact, particularly in western society, which puts such an outsized emphasis on appearance.
For mild to moderate hair thinning, creative hair styling, hair weaving, or hairpieces could also be capable improve appearance. Protect the scalp from sunburn with a hat.
The only medication approved to treat women within the US is topical minoxidil; the two preparation recommended for ladies is out there over the counter. This may help hair to grow in a quarter of the women using it, and it will stop or slow hair loss in the majority of users. The medication is expensive, however, and the hair will fall out when its use is discontinued.
There is no known prevention for hair loss; shampooing and other hair products have no adverse effects other than harsh products or practices that may damage the hair shaft, causing breakage.
When to Seek Medical Care
If you're having significant, persistent hair loss or if there's redness, itching, or skin changes related to the hair loss, seek medical advice, as there are sometimes other causes for hair loss that can be treated.
If you have hair loss that is cosmetically concerning and other causes have been ruled out, you might consult a surgical specialist in hair replacement.
Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
The diagnosis of female pattern baldness is typically easy for the physician due to the standard pattern. However, certain blood tests will help to rule out other causes such as anemia (low blood count) or a thyroid disorder. A skin biopsy may be recommended.
Current therapies are aimed at stimulating regrowth of terminal hairs and might include topical minoxidil, and the oral medications spironolactone or cyproterone acetate (not available in the US). Finasteride, also an oral medication, is approved for male balding only, and studies show no effect for female pattern hair loss.
Finasteride, spironolactone, and cyproterone should not be used in women of childbearing potential.
Surgical therapy to enhance the looks includes scalp reduction, flaps, and hair transplants (micrografting). Not everyone is a good candidate for these procedures.
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