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Overview

Back Pain - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Back pain?

 

Back pain or lower back pain will happen for many issues with any a part of the interconnected network of spinal nerves, muscles, bones, tendons or discs within the lumber spine.


What are the causes of Back Pain?

 

Some of the standard causes for back pain are:


• The small nerves on the lower back may get irritated
• The large nerve root (sciatica nerve) that go down to the legs may get irritated
• The large paired erector spinae muscle may get strained
• The joints, bones or ligaments may get damaged
• The intervertebral disc may get degenerated

 

Although it will happen at any age, back pain, especially lower back pain occurs in people who are in their 40s.Back pain is typically characterized by a localized pattern of discomfort in the lower back area that mostly occurs after an event that culminated in stressing the lumber tissues.The severity of this condition, depends on a number of issues, which comprises of the degree of the strain and also the resulting spasm of the lower back muscles that occurred owing to the trauma.


Diagnosis and Treatment

 

Diagnosis of back pain is mostly done by the doctors supported the situation of the pain and history of the injury.

 

X-ray is typically performed on the patients affectedby this complaint that helps in excluding osteological abnormalities.The most popular treatment for all kinds of back pains or lumber strains consists of resting the back to avoid subsequent injury. Apart from that reconditioning exercises are also prescribed to the patients to strengthen the back muscles along with medications to relieve pain and muscular spasms.

 

Local heat applications are suggested to the rear pain patients together with massage that is commonly done by certified physiotherapists.


What happens when you don't get treated on time?

 

In rare cases back pain also can be a symptom of CES (Cauda Equina Syndrome), which is a condition that requires immediate surgical treatment.

 

In patients affected by CES, something compresses their spinal nerve roots, which cause severe pain.As the cauda equine are a bundle of nerve roots which is located in the lumbosacral spine and sends messages to the brain from the feet, legs and pelvic

organs, inability to produce a quick treatment, usually ends up in lasting harm which might result in excretion and additionally permanent disfunction of the legs. 


MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan is also prescribed at time along with a Myelogram (X-ray of the spinal cord after injecting contrast material into the spine), which aids in pinpointing the pressure point on the spinal nerves or on the spinal cord.


Can't be cured, but treatment helps
Require medical diagnosis
Lab test sometimes required
Short-term: resolves within days to weeks


Symptoms

   
• Leg numbness
• Pins and needles sensation
• Sensitivity to pain
• Muscle spasms

 

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