Osteoarthritis is that the most typical kind of inflammatory disease, moving ample folks worldwide. It happens once the protecting gristle that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Although degenerative joint disease wills injury any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.
Osteoarthritis symptoms will typically be managed, although the damage to joints can't be reversed. Staying active, maintaining a healthy weight and some treatments might slow progression of the disease and help improve pain and joint function.
What causes Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis happens once the gristle that cushions the ends of bones in your joints step by step deteriorates. Cartilage could be a firm, slippery tissue that enables nearly frictionless joint motion. Eventually, if the gristle wears down fully, bone will rub on bone.
Osteoarthritis has typically been stated as a "wear and tear" illness. But besides the breakdown of gristle, osteoarthritis affects the entire joint. It causes changes within the bone and deterioration of the connective tissues that hold the joint along and connect muscle to bone. It also causes inflammation of the joint lining.
During the physical exam, your doctor will check your affected joint for tenderness, swelling, redness and flexibility.
Osteoarthritis symptoms typically develop slowly and worsen over time.
Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
Ø Pain - Affected joints might hurt during or after movement
Ø Stiffness - Joint stiffness may well be most noticeable upon arousal or when being inactive.
Ø Tenderness - Your joint may feel tender once you apply lightweight pressure to or close to it
Ø Grating sensation - You might feel a grating sensation once you use the joint, and you may hear pop crepitation
Ø Bone spurs - These further bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, can form around the affected joint
Ø Swelling - This may well be caused by soft tissue inflammation round the joint
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