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Overview

Kidney Failure: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

 

Acute kidney disease happens once your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste product from your blood.When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes might accumulate, and your blood's chemical makeup might get out of balance.

 

Acute kidney disease — additionally referred to as acute kidney failure or acute urinary organ injury — develops chop-chop, usually in less than a few days.

Acute kidney disease is most typical in folks that ar already hospitalized, particularly in critically ill people who need intensive care.

 

Acute kidney disease are often fatal and needs intensive treatment.

However, acute kidney failure may be reversible.If you are otherwise in physiological condition, you may recover normal or nearly normal kidney function.


How is the treatment done?

 

Treatment for acute kidney disease usually needs a hospital keep.Most people with acute kidney disease ar already hospitalized.How long you will keep within the hospital depends on the explanation for your acute kidney disease and the wayquickly your kidneys recover.


In some cases, you may be able to recover at home.Treating the underlying cause of your kidney injuryTreatment for acute kidney disease involves characteristic the ill health or injury that originally broken your kidneys.Your treatment choices rely upon what is inflicting your kidney disease.


Treating complications until your kidneys recoverYour doctor will work to forestall complications and permit your kidneys time to heal.Treatments that help prevent complications include:


• Treatments to balance the amount of fluids in your blood.

 

If your acute kidney disease is caused by an absence of fluids in your blood, your doctor might suggestendovenous (IV) fluids.In alternative cases, acute kidney disease might cause you to possess an excessive amount of fluid, resulting inswelling in your arms and legs.In these cases, your doctor may recommend medications (diuretics) to cause your body to expel extra fluids.


• Medications to control blood potassium.

 

If your kidneys are not properly filtering atomic number 19 from your blood, your doctor might impose atomic number 20, glucose or sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kionex) to prevent the accumulation of high levels of

potassium in your blood.

Too much atomic number 19 within the blood will cause dangerous irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) and muscle weakness.


• Medications to restore blood calcium levels.

 

If the degree of atomic number 20 in your blood drop too low, your doctor may recommend an infusion of calcium.


• Dialysis to remove toxins from your blood.

 

If toxins build up in your blood, you will want temporary dialysis — usually mentioned merely as qualitative analysis — to assist take away toxins and excess fluids from your.body while your kidneys heal.Dialysis might also facilitate take away excess atomic number 19 from your body.During qualitative analysis, a machine pumps blood out of your body through an artificial kidney (dialyzer) that filters out waste.The blood is then returned to your body.


Causes of kidney failure


Acute kidney failure can occur when:


• You have a condition that slows blood flow to your kidneys


• You experience direct damage to your kidneys


• Your kidneys' urine drainage tubes (ureters) become blocked and wastes can't leave your body through your urine


Risk factors

 

Acute kidney disease nearly always happens in reference to another medical condition or event.Conditions which will increase your risk of acute kidney disease include:


• Being hospitalized, especially for a serious condition that requires intensive care


• Advanced age


• Blockages in the blood vessels in your arms or legs (peripheral artery disease)


• Diabetes


• High blood pressure


• Heart failure


• Kidney diseases


• Liver diseases


• Certain cancers and their treatments

 

What is the value of the treatment in India?


The cost of a haemodialysis treatment is about 12-15, 000 Indian rupees per month where they have to go for 12 haemodialysis sessions every month. In the case of peritoneal dialysis it takes about 18- 20,000 rupees every month. For a kidney transplant surgery it takes about 2-3 lakhs every years. And anti-rejection drugs cost about 1000-2000.


Symptoms

 

Signs and symptoms of acute kidney disease might include:


• Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal


• Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet


• Shortness of breath


• Fatigue


• Confusion


• Nausea


• Weakness


• Irregular heartbeat


• Chest pain or pressure


• Seizures or coma in severe cases

 

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