Health Risks of Being Overweight
Overweight and obesity may increase the danger of the many health problems, including diabetes, heart condition, and certain cancers. If you're pregnant, excess weight may cause short- and long-term health problems for you and your child.
This fact sheet tells you more about the links between excess weight and lots of health conditions. It also explains how reaching and maintaining a traditional weight may assist you and your loved ones stay healthier as you get older.
What sorts of health problems are linked to overweight and obesity?
Excess weight may increase the danger for several health problems, including:
Ø Type 2 diabetes
Ø High blood pressure
Ø Heart disease and strokes
Ø Certain types of cancer
Ø Sleep apnea
Ø Fatty liver disease
Ø Kidney disease
Ø Pregnancy problems, such as high blood glucose during pregnancy, high blood pressure, and increased risk for cesarean delivery
How am i able to tell if I weigh too much?
Gaining a couple of pounds during the year might not appear to be an enormous deal. But these pounds can add up over time. How are you able to tell if your weight could increase your chances of developing health problems? Knowing two numbers may help you understand your risk: your body mass index (BMI) score and your waist size in inches.
Body Mass Index
The BMI is a method to inform whether you're at a traditional weight, are overweight, or have obesity. It measures your weight in reference to your height and provides a score to assist place you during a category:
Ø Normal weight: BMI of 18.5 to 24.9
Ø Overweight: BMI of 25 to 29.9
Ø Obesity: BMI of 30 or higher
Another important number to understand is your waist size in inches. Having an excessive amount of fat around your waist may increase health risks even quite having fat in other parts of your body. Women with a waist size of quite 35 inches and men with a waist size of quite 40 inches may have higher chances of developing diseases related to obesity.
How am i able to lower my risk of getting health problems associated with overweight and obesity?
If you're considered to be overweight, losing as little as 5 percent of your weight may lower your risk for several diseases, including heart condition and sort 2 diabetes. If you weigh 200 pounds, this suggests losing 10 pounds. Slow and steady weight loss of 1/2 to 2 pounds per week, and less than 3 pounds per week, is that the safest thanks to reduce .
Federal guidelines on physical activity External link (PDF, 14.2 MB) recommend that you get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity (like biking or brisk walking). To lose weight, or to maintain weight loss, you may need to be active for more than 300 minutes per week.. You also need to do activities to strengthen muscles (like push-ups or sit-ups) a minimum of twice every week .
Federal dietary guidelines External link and the MyPlate External link website recommend many tips for healthy eating that may also help you control your weight. Here are a few examples:
Ø Make half of your plate fruits and vegetables
Ø Replace unrefined grains (white bread, pasta, white rice) with whole-grain options (whole wheat bread, brown rice, oatmeal)
Ø Enjoy lean sources of protein, such as lean meats, seafood, beans and peas, soy, nuts, and seeds.
For some people who have obesity and related health problems, bariatric (weight-loss) surgery may be an option. Bariatric surgery has been found to be effective in promoting weight loss and reducing the danger for several health problems.
How are pregnancy problems linked to overweight?
Pregnant women who are overweight are more likely to develop insulin resistance, high blood sugar, and high vital sign . Overweight also increases the risks related to surgery and anesthesia, and severe obesity increases surgery time and blood loss.
Gaining an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy can have long-term effects for both mother and child. These effects include that the mother will have overweight or obesity after the kid is born. Another risk is that the baby may gain an excessive amount of weight later as a toddler or as an adult.
If you're pregnant, check the sidebar for general guidelines about weight gain. Talk to your health care provider about what proportion weight gain is true for you during pregnancy.
Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of www.myonlinedoctor.co.in