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Overview

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

 

Type one polygenic disease, once called {juvenile polygenic disease|type I diabetes|insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus|IDDM|juvenile-onset diabetes|growth-onset diabetes|ketosis-prone diabetes|ketoacidosis-prone diabetes|autoimmune diabetes|diabetes mellitus|DM|autoimmune disease|autoimmune disorder} or insulin-dependent diabetes, could be a chronic condition within which the exocrine gland produces very little or no internal secretion.Insulin could be a internal secretion required to permit sugar (glucose) to enter cells to supply energy.

 

Different factors, together with biology and a few viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes.Although kind one polygenic disease typically seems throughout childhood or adolescence, it will develop in adults.Despite active analysis, kind one polygenic disease has no cure.Treatment focuses on managing glucose levels with internal secretion, diet and fashion to stop complications.

 

How is the treatment done?

 

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes:

 

·         Taking insulin

·         Carbohydrate, fat and protein counting

·         Frequent blood sugar monitoring

·         Eating healthy foods

·         Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight

 

The goal is to stay your glucose level as on the point of traditional as attainable to delay or stop complications.Generally, the goal is to stay your daytime glucose levels before meals between eighty and a hundred thirty mg/dL (4.44 to 7.2 mmol/L) and your after-meal numbers no above 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) two hours after eating.

 

Insulin and other medications

 

Anyone UN agency has kind one polygenic disease desires long internal secretion medical aid.

 

Types of insulin are many and include:

 

·         Short-acting (regular) insulin

·         Rapid-acting insulin

·         Intermediate-acting (NPH) insulin

·         Long-acting insulin

 

Examples of short-acting (regular) internal secretion embody insulin R and Novolin R.Rapid-acting insulin examples are insulin glulisine (Apidra), insulin lispro (Humalog) and insulin aspart (Novolog).Long-acting internal secretions embody insulin glargine (Lantus, Toujeo Solostar), insulin detemir (Levemir) and insulin degludec (Tresiba).Intermediate-acting insulins include insulin NPH (Novolin N, Humulin N).

 

Insulin administration

 

Insulin cannot be taken orally to lower glucose as a result of abdomen enzymes can break down the internal secretion, preventing its action.

 

You'll need to receive it either through injections or associate degree internal secretion pump.

 

·         Injections.You can use a fine needle associate degreed syringe or an internal secretion pen to inject internal secretion beneath your skin.Insulin pens look similar to ink pens and are available in disposable or refillable varieties.If you select injections, you will likely want a combination of internal secretion sorts to use throughout the day and night.

Multiple daily injections that embody a mixture of a long internal secretion combined with a rapid-acting internal secretion additional closely mimic the body's traditional use of internal secretion than do older internal secretion regimens that only required one or two shots a day.A plan of 3 or additional internal secretion injections on a daily basis has been shown to enhance glucose levels.

 

·         An insulin pump. You wear this device, which is about the size of a cellphone, on the outside of your body. A tube connects a reservoir of insulin to a catheter that's inserted under the skin of your abdomen.

 

This type of pump is worn during a form of ways that, such as on your waistband, in your pocket or with specially designed pump belts.There's also a wireless pump option.You wear a pod that homes the internal secretion reservoir on your body that incorporates a small tubing that is inserted beneath your skin.The internal secretion pod is worn on your abdomen, lower back, or on a leg or an arm.The programming is done with a wireless device that communicates with the pod.Pumps area unit programmed to dispense specific amounts of rapid-acting internal secretion mechanically.This steady dose of internal secretion is thought as your basal rate, and it replaces no matter long internal secretion you were exploitation.

 

When you eat, you program the pump with the amount of carbohydrates you're eating and your current blood sugar, and it will give you what's called a bolus dose of insulin to hide your meal and to correct your glucose if it's elevated.Some analysis has found that in some individuals associate degree internal secretion pump is simpler at dominant glucose levels than injections.But many of us sensibles} good glucose levels with injections, too.An internal secretion pump combined with In {september|September|Sep|Sept|Gregorian calendar month">a n"art-34">In {september 2016, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first artificial pancreas for people with type 1 diabetes who are age 14 and older.It's also called closed-loop insulin delivery.

 

The deep-seated device links {a continuous|endless|never-ending|a continual|a n"art-36">The device mechanically delivers the right quantity of internal secretion once the monitor indicates it's required.

 

Causes

 

The exact explanation for kind one polygenic disease is unknown.Usually, the body's own system — that unremarkably fights harmful microorganism and viruses — erroneously destroys the insulin-producing (islet, or islets of Langerhans) cells in the pancreas.

 

Other possible causes include:

 

·         Genetics

·         Exposure to viruses and other environmental factors

 

Symptoms

 

Type one polygenic disease signs and symptoms will seem comparatively suddenly and should include:

 

·         Increased thirst

·         Frequent urination

·         Bed-wetting in children who previously didn't wet the bed during the night

·         Extreme hunger

·         Unintended weight loss

·         Irritability and other mood changes

·         Fatigue and weakness

·         Blurred vision

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