What is Diaper Rash?
Diaper rash could be a common kind of inflamed skin (dermatitis) that seems as a patchwork of bright red skin on your baby's bottom.
Diaper rash is usually associated with wet or sometimes modified diapers, skin sensitivity, and tenderness.
It usually affects babies, though anyone who wears a diaper regularly can develop the condition.
Diaper rash can alarm parents and annoy babies.
But it always clears up with easy at-home treatments, such as air drying, more frequent diaper changes and ointment.
Causes of Diaper Rash
Diaper rash may be derived to variety of sources, including:
• Irritation from stool and urine. Prolonged exposure to excretion or stool will irritate a baby's sensitive skin.Your baby could also be a lot of susceptible to diaper dermatitis if he or she is experiencing frequent intestinemovements or symptom as a result of ordure area unit a lot of irritating than excretion.
• Chafing or rubbing. Tightfitting diapers or wear that rubs against the skin will cause a rash.
• Irritation from a new product. Your baby's skin could react to baby wipes, a new brand of disposable diapers, or a detergent, bleach or fabric softener used to launder cloth diapers.
Other substances that may raise the matter embody ingredients found in some baby lotions, powders and oils.
• Bacterial or yeast (fungal) infection. What begins as a straightforward skin infection could unfold to the encircling region.
The area coated by a diaper — buttocks, thighs and sex organ — is particularly vulnerable as a result of it's heatand dampish, creating an ideal tract for bacterium and yeast.These rashes may be found at intervals the creases of the skin, and there could also be red dots scattered round the creases.
• Introduction of new foods. As babies begin to eat solid foods, the content of their stool changes.This increases the likelihood of diaper rash.Changes in your baby's diet can even increase the frequency of stools, which may cause diaper dermatitis.If your baby is breast-fed, he or she may develop diaper rash in response to something the mother has eaten.
• Sensitive skin. Babies with skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis or seborrheic dermatitis (eczema), may be more likely to develop diaper rash.However, the irritated skin of skin disorder|dermatitis} and eczema primarily affects spaces apart from the diaper area.
• Use of antibiotics. Antibiotics kill bacteria — the good kinds as well as the bad.
When a baby takes antibiotics, bacterium that keep yeast growth under control could also be depleted, leading todiaper dermatitis thanks to yeast infection.Antibiotic use also increases the risk of diarrhea.Breast-fed babies whose mothers take antibiotics are at enlarged risk of diaper dermatitis.
Symptoms of Diaper Rash
Diaper rash is characterized by the following:
• Skin signs . Diaper rash is marked by red, tender-looking skin in the diaper region — buttocks, thighs and genitals.
• Changes in your baby's disposition.You may notice your baby looks a lot of uncomfortable than usual, especially during diaper changes.A baby with a diaper dermatitis usually fusses or cries once the diaper space is washed or touched.
Types of Diaper Rash
There are usually five types of diaper rash.
4..moderate to severe
Treatment of Diaper Rash
The best treatment for diaper dermatitis is to stay your baby's skin as clean and dry as attainable.If your baby's diaper dermatitis persists despite home treatment, your doctor could prescribe:
• A mild hydrocortisone (steroid) cream
• An antifungal cream, if your baby has a fungal infection
• Topical or oral antibiotics, if your baby has a bacterial infection
Use creams or ointments with steroids only if your baby's pediatrician or dermatologist recommends them — strong steroids or frequent use can lead to additional problems. Diaper rashes sometimes need many days to boost, and the rash may come back repeatedly.
If the rash persists despite prescription treatment, your doctor could advocate that your baby see a specialist in skin conditions (dermatologist)