Corns are thickenings of the skin composed of keratin that are typically found on the toes caused by repeated friction or pressure to the world . The base of the corn is seen on the surface of the skin while the highest points inward, causing discomfort.
Corns are classified as either hard or soft, depending upon their location and appearance. Hard corns typically affect the tops of the toes and are composed of a dense core that presses on sensory nerves, causing extreme pain. Soft corns occur between the toes and are whiter and softer in appearance thanks to the continual softening by sweat.
Who's at risk?
With the exception of non-weight-bearing infants, people of all ages may develop corns.
Signs and Symptoms
Corns are primarily located on the feet, particularly the toes. However, corns can appear anywhere that foot friction occurs, whether it's on top of the foot and even on the only.
In the case of sentimental corns, well-circumscribed thickenings could also be seen on the toes, and soft papules could also be noted between the toes. Hard corns typically affect the tops of the toes or the side of the fifth toe, and appear as if calluses.
To best prevent corns, confirm that shoes fit properly.
When to Seek Medical Care
Corns are a benign condition and should not require medical evaluation. However, if corns become very painful, evaluation should be sought.
Patients with certain medical conditions, like diabetes or animal tissue disease, have an increased risk of complications related to corns, and that they should seek medical evaluation.
Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
Your physician may advise you to soak corns in warm water and file them down with an emery board or pumice . Over-the-counter 2-hydroxybenzoic acid plasters could also be recommended for treatment also as keratolytic agents (such as urea cream) to assist soften the thickened skin.
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