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Overview

Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Types of anxiety disorders:


• Agoraphobia (ag-uh-ruh-FOE-be-uh) is a type of anxiety disorder in which you fear and often avoid places or situations that might cause you to panic and make you feel trapped, helpless or embarrassed.


• Anxiety disorder due to a medical condition includes symptoms of intense anxiety or panic that are directly caused by a physical health problem.


• Generalized anxiety disorder includes persistent and excessive anxiety and worry about activities or events — even ordinary, routine issues.The worry is out of proportion to the particular circumstance, is difficult to control and affects how you feel physically.It usually happens beside different anxiety disorders or depression.


• Panic disorder involves repeated episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety and fear or terror that reach a peak within minutes (panic attacks). You may have feelings of impending doom, shortness of breath, chest pain, or a rapid, fluttering or pounding heart (heart palpitations).

 

These panic attacks could cause worrying regarding them happening once more or avoiding things within whichthey've occurred.


• Selective mutism is a consistent failure of children to speak in certain situations, such as school, even when they can speak in other situations, such as at home with close family members. This can interfere with school, work and social functioning.


• Separation anxiety disorder is a childhood disorder characterized by anxiety that's excessive for the child's developmental level and related to separation from parents or others who have parental roles.


• Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) involves high levels of anxiety, fear and avoidance of social situations due to feelings of embarrassment, self-consciousness and concern about being judged or viewed negatively by others.


• Specific phobias are characterized by major anxiety when you're exposed to a specific object or situation and a desire to avoid it. Phobias provoke panic attacks in some people.


• Substance-induced anxiety disorder is characterized by symptoms of intense anxiety or panic that are a direct result of misusing drugs, taking medications, being exposed to a toxic substance or withdrawal from drugs.


• Other specified anxiety disorder and unspecified anxiety disorder are terms for anxiety or phobias that don't meet the exact criteria for any other anxiety disorders but are significant enough to be distressing and disruptive.


What causes anxiety disorders?


The causes of anxiety disorders aren't fully understood.Life experiences like traumatic events seem to trigger anxiety disorders in folks that ar already susceptible toanxiety.

Inherited traits also can be a factor.


Medical causes

 

For some individuals, anxiety may be linked to an underlying health issue.

In some cases, anxiety signs and symptoms are the first indicators of a medical illness.

If your doctor suspects your anxiety could have a medical cause, he or she may order tests to look for signs of a problem.

 

Examples of medical issues that may be coupled to anxiety include:


• Heart disease


• Diabetes


• Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism


• Respiratory disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma


• Drug misuse or withdrawal


• Withdrawal from alcohol, anti-anxiety medications (benzodiazepines) or other medications


• Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome


• Rare tumors that produce certain fight-or-flight hormones


Treatment of anxiety disorders:

 

The two main treatments for anxiety disorders ar psychotherapy and medications.

You may profit most from a mix of the 2.It may take some trial and error to find that treatments work best for you.


Psychotherapy

 

Also called speak medical care or psychological substance, psychotherapy involves working with a therapist to reduce your anxiety symptoms.It can be an effective treatment for anxiety.Cognitive activity medical care (CBT) is that the simplest sort of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders.Generally a short-term treatment, CBT focuses on teaching you specific skills to improve your symptoms and gradually return to the activities you've avoided because of anxiety.
CBT includes exposure therapy, in which you gradually encounter the object or situation that triggers your anxiety so you build confidence that you can manage the situation and anxiety symptoms.


Medications

 

Several sorts of medications ar wont to facilitate relieve symptoms, depending on the type of anxiety disorder you have and whether you also have other mental or physical health issues.

 

For example:


• Certain antidepressants are also used to treat anxiety disorders.


• An anti-anxiety medication called buspirone may be prescribed.


• In limited circumstances, your doctor may prescribe other types of medications, such as sedatives, also called benzodiazepines, or beta blockers.

 

These medications ar for short relief of tension symptoms and don't seem to be supposed to be used long run.

 


Symptoms


common anxiety signs and symptoms include:


• Feeling nervous, restless or tense


• Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom


• Having an increased heart rate


• Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)


• Sweating


• Trembling


• Feeling weak or tired


• Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the present worry


• Having trouble sleeping


• Experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) problems


• Having difficulty controlling worry


• Having the urge to avoid things that trigger anxiety

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