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End of Life Care : Overview


End of life care is that the 
support and medical aid given to an individual during the time surrounding his or her death. This care, which can involve palliative and hospice care, may last only days, when illness comes on suddenly, or it can extend for months or longer for those with chronic illnesses.

The goal of end of life care is to ease pain, provide emotional and spiritual comfort, plan for advanced care, and improve a person’s overall quality of life.


What is a caregiver?

A caregiver provides assistance in meeting the daily needs of another person. Caregivers are mentioned 
as either "formal" or "informal." "Formal" caregivers are purchased their services and have had training and education in providing care. This may include services from home health agencies and other trained professionals.

"Informal" caregivers, also called family caregivers, are people that 
care to family or friends usually without payment. A caregiver gives care, generally within the home environment, for an aging parent, spouse, other relative, or unrelated person, or for an ill, or disabled person. These tasks may include transportation, grocery shopping, housework, preparing meals. Also giving assistance with getting dressed, getting out of bed, help with eating, and incontinence.


Don’t fake a smile.

If you're 
having trouble dealing with an enormous change in your life, don’t isolate yourself and pretend everything is OK. Pushing those feelings aside is not only ineffective, it will set you up for a lot of heartache. “Major life changes, albeit they're for the simplest , can still leave a hole in your heart,” warns Carlstrom. “You may desire you'll shopping or drink away the pain, but at the top of the day, it doesn’t refill that hole.”


Grieve what you have lost.

“Although people in our culture are uncomfortable with conversations about grief, you've got 
to acknowledge and grieve your losses,” says Carlstrom. Think back to your very first encounter with loss—how did you react? Did you stifle your tears and push the hurt aside? As adults, we tend to still rely on coping strategies that developed in our formative years, but we may now need to relearn how to cope in ways that match who we have become.
Explore your grief.

So what are you able to 
do to ease the pain of the losses left behind from change? Embrace the pain and explore the grief. If friends ask how you are doing, don’t just say, “Everything is fine.” Admit that you are struggling. Seek a support group. Speak to a grief counselor. Meditate on how you feel about what you have lost. And realize that losing something doesn’t need to signal an end. “Grief and loss enable you to understand your life in a new way, and that changes the way you see yourself in the world,” says Carlstrom. “Ends are also transitions to new experiences.”

Part of the matter 
is that we tend to associate the words loss and grief with death only. But every person is a griever of something, and there is absolutely nothing wrong with being a griever. “Grief experienced will dissolve, while grief unexpressed will last indefinitely,”


What is elder care?

This has created a comparatively 
new and growing area of healthcare and provider services, referred to as elder care. Elder care covers a wide variety of issues. This includes choosing an appropriate healthcare provider to worry for an aging person. It also includes making decisions about moving an older adult from home to a residential care setting. People ages 65 and older are the fastest growing segment of America's population. Many older adults live healthy, active, and independent lives. But as more people reach their 80s and 90s, the amount of older adults needing help with daily living increases. The responsibilities of these who provide look after them increase, too.


What is hospice care?

The word "hospice" means "a place of shelter." Today, the "place of shelter" is not so much a physical location as it is a service that helps a patient who is terminally ill to die with dignity and peace. Hospice care is additionally 
the sort of care provided to support a terminally ill patient reception or wherever he or she lives. Care usually involves relieving troublesome symptoms and providing psychological and social support for the patient and family. The goal of hospice care is to not only provide the terminally ill patient and therefore the family with a cushty death experience, but to also enable the person to live to the fullest, even with a terminal prognosis.



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