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Developmental Disorders : Overview


Developmental disorders are better called neurodevelopmental disorders. Neurodevelopmental disorders are neurologically based conditions which will 
interfere with the acquisition, retention, or application of specific skills or sets of data . They may involve dysfunction in attention, memory, perception, language, problem-solving, or social interaction. These disorders could also be mild and simply manageable with behavioral and academic interventions, or they'll be more severe and affected children may require more support.


Neurodevelopmental disorders include


Ø  Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Ø  Autism spectrum disorders

Ø  Learning disabilities, such as dyslexia and impairments in other academic areas

Ø  Intellectual disability

Ø  Rett syndrome

Causes and chances of developmental disorder

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 17 percentTrusted Source of children between the ages of 3 and 17 have one or more developmental disabilities.

Most developmental disabilities occur before a toddler 
is born, but some can occur after birth thanks to infection, injury, or other factors.

Causes of developmental delay are often difficult to pinpoint, and a spread of things can contribute thereto. Some conditions are genetic in origin, like mongolism.

Infection or other complications during pregnancy and childbirth, also 
as premature birth, also can cause developmental delay.

Developmental delay also can be a symbol of other underlying medical conditions, including:


Ø  autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)

Ø  cerebral palsy

Ø  fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Ø  Landau Kleffner syndrome

Ø  myopathies, including muscular dystrophies

Ø  genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome

Remember that children develop at different rates, so it’s possible that what you think that 
of as a delay could be normal for your child. However, if you’re concerned, it is important to get your child evaluated by professionals.

School-age children diagnosed with a developmental delay, could also be 
eligible for special services. These services vary according to need and location.

Check with your physician and your school district to find out what services are available. Specialized education, especially when started early, can help your child progress and achieve more in class.

Treatments for developmental delays vary consistent with 
the precise delay. Some treatments include physiotherapy for help in motor skill delays, and behavioral and academic therapy for help with ASD and other delays.

In some cases, medications may be prescribed. An evaluation and diagnosis from a pediatrician is crucial to return up with a treatment plan specially designed for your child.


Fine and gross motor skill delay

Fine motor skills include small movements like holding a toy or using a crayon. Gross motor skills require larger movements, like jumping, climbing stairs, or throwing a ball. Children progress at different rates, but most youngsters 
can lift their head by 3 months old, sit with some support by 6 months, and walk well before their second birthday.

By age 5, most children can stand on one foot for 10 seconds or longer and can use a fork and spoon.

Exhibiting a number of 
the subsequent signs can mean that your child has delays in developing certain fine or gross motor functions:


Ø  floppy or loose trunk and limbs

Ø  stiff arms and legs

Ø  limited movement in arms and legs

Ø  inability to sit without support by 9 months old

Ø  dominance of involuntary reflexes over voluntary movements

Ø  inability to bear weight on legs and stand up by about 1 year old

Falling outside the traditional 
range isn’t always causing for concern, but it’s worth getting your child evaluated.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of


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