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Sexual and gender disorders : Overview


Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual response, desire, orgasm or pain — that distress you or strain your relationship together with your 
partner — are known medically as sexual dysfunction.

Many women experience problems with sexual function at some point, and a few 
have difficulties throughout their lives. Female sexual dysfunction can occur at any stage of life. It can occur only in certain sexual situations or altogether sexual situations.

Sexual response involves a posh 
interplay of physiology, emotions, experiences, beliefs, lifestyle and relationships. Disruption of any component can affect concupiscence , arousal or satisfaction, and treatment often involves quite one approach.



Symptoms vary counting on 
what sort of sexual dysfunction you're experiencing:


Ø     Low sexual desire. This commonest of female sexual dysfunctions involves a scarcity of sexual interest and willingness to be sexual.

Ø     Sexual arousal disorder. Your desire for sex could be intact, but you've got difficulty with arousal or are unable to become aroused or maintain arousal during sexual intercourse .

Ø    Orgasmic disorder. You have persistent or recurrent difficulty in achieving orgasm after sufficient arousal and ongoing stimulation.

Ø     Sexual pain disorder. You have pain related to sexual stimulation or vaginal contact.

When to see a doctor

If sexual problems affect your relationship or worry you, make a meeting 
together with your doctor for evaluation.



Sexual problems often develop when your hormones are in flux, like 
after having a baby or during menopause. Major illness, such as cancer, diabetes, or heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease, can also contribute to sexual dysfunction.

Factors — often interrelated — that contribute to sexual dissatisfaction or dysfunction include:


Ø     Physical - Any number of medical conditions, including cancer, renal failure , MS , heart condition and bladder problems, can cause sexual dysfunction. Certain medications, including some antidepressants, vital sign medications, antihistamines and chemotherapy drugs, can decrease your concupiscence and your body's ability to experience orgasm.


Ø     Hormonal - Lower estrogen levels after menopause may cause changes in your genital tissues and sexual responsiveness. A decrease in estrogen results in decreased blood flow to the pelvic region, which may end in less genital sensation, also as needing longer to create arousal and reach orgasm. The vaginal lining also becomes thinner and fewer elastic, particularly if you are not sexually active. These factors can lead to painful intercourse (dyspareunia). Sexual desire also decreases when hormonal levels decrease.
Your body's hormone levels also shift after parturition 
and through breast-feeding, which may cause vaginal dryness and may affect your desire to possess sex.


Ø     Psychological and social - Untreated anxiety or depression can cause or contribute to sexual dysfunction, as can long-term stress and a history of sexual assault . The worries of pregnancy and demands of being a replacement mother may have similar effects. Long-standing conflicts together with your partner — about sex or other aspects of your relationship — can diminish your sexual responsiveness also . Cultural and non secular issues and problems with body image can also contribute.

Risk factors

Some factors may increase your risk of sexual dysfunction:


Ø  Depression or anxiety

Ø  Heart and blood vessel disease

Ø  Neurological conditions, such as spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis

Ø  Gynecological conditions, such as vulvovaginal atrophy, infections or lichen sclerosus

Ø  Certain medications, such as antidepressants or high blood pressure medications

Ø  Emotional or psychological stress, especially with regard to your relationship with your partner

Ø  A history of sexual abuse


Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of

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