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Diabetic Macular Edema : Introduction , sign and Symptoms , Causes

What Is Diabetic Macular Edema?

When you have diabetes, you've got 
tons to manage. High blood glucose can cause other conditions, like eye problems. The most common one is diabetic macular edema. It's serious and may rob you of your vision.
That's a scary possibility, but knowing what to seem out for and getting the proper treatment can help protect your sight.

Even if you do not 
notice problems, once you have diabetes, it is vital you get your eyes checked per annum . If you are doing have a drag , see an ophthalmologist directly . This sort of doctor treats eye diseases. If you catch it early, there is a chance you'll stop long-term damage.



High blood glucose 
weakens the blood vessels in your eyes. which will make them leak or grow out of control in your retina, the light-sensitive area at the rear of your eye. This is often called diabetic retinopathy.

When fluid seeps into your retina, it can cause diabetic macular edema. The leaking makes your retina swell, which hampers the work of your macula, the special, sensitive part that provides 
you sharp vision.



Diabetic macular edema doesn’t always cause symptoms.

But you may:


Ø  Have images directly ahead of you appear blurry or wavy

Ø  See colors that appear “washed out”



To treat diabetic macular edema, doctors may use drugs that are injected into your eyes to assist 
stop leaking, and to slow the expansion of latest blood vessels. These drugs include:


Ø  Avastin (bevacizumab)

Ø  Eylea (aflibercept)

Ø  Iluvien (fluocinolone acetonide)

Ø  Lucentis (ranibizumab)

Ø  Macugen (pegaptanib)

In severe cases, you'll 
even have laser photocoagulation. A doctor will use a small laser on your eye to seal leaking blood vessels. you'll need quite one treatment to regulate the matter . it's always not painful, but you'll have slight stinging feeling when the laser touches you.


Sometimes steroid injections may help.

Another treatment may be a 
surgery called vitrectomy. this is often usually done due to bleeding (not macular edema), and doctors remove the fluid that's clouding your vision and replace it with a transparent solution.


Taking Care of Yourself

There’s tons 
you'll do to stop your condition from getting worse. First, manage your diabetes by controlling your blood glucose , vital sign , and cholesterol.

Diet changes, keeping a healthy weight, and exercise can all assist you manage these problems. Talk together with your doctor about the simplest thanks to do that. Also, don’t sidestep regular eye exams. Symptoms can creep up. Your doctor must see you to stay track of track of how your treatment is functioning. Have you already lost some vision? ask your doctor about visual aids, like magnifying glasses, if eyeglasses alone aren't enough. Ask him about resources in your area which will assist you learn skills for living with vision loss.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of

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