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Female hormones : Overview

What are hormones?

Hormones are natural substances produced in the body. They help to relay messages between cells and organs and affect many bodily functions. Everyone has what are considered “male” and “female” sex hormones.
Keep reading to learn more about the female sex hormones, how they fluctuate throughout your life, and signs of a hormonal imbalance.

Types of female sex hormones

The two main female sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. Although testosterone is taken into account 
a male hormone, females also produce and wish a little amount of this, too.


Estrogen is the major female hormone. The lion’s share comes from the ovaries, but small amounts are produced in the adrenal glands and fat cells. During pregnancy, the placenta also makes estrogen.

Estrogen plays an enormous 
role in reproductive and sexual development, including:


Ø  Puberty

Ø  Menstruation

Ø  Pregnancy

Ø  menopause

Estrogen also affects the:


Ø  brain

Ø  cardiovascular system

Ø  hair

Ø  musculoskeletal system

Ø  skin

Ø  urinary tract

When hormones become unbalanced

Your hormones will naturally fluctuate throughout your lifetime. This is usually thanks to 
expected changes such as:


Ø  puberty

Ø  pregnancy

Ø  breastfeeding

Ø  perimenopause and menopause

Ø  use of hormonal contraception or hormone therapy

When to see your doctor

You should always see your medical care 
doctor or gynecologist once a year for a routine wellness exam. Your doctor can discuss these changes and answer the other questions you'll have.

Don’t wait until your annual exam if you’re experiencing unusual symptoms. See your doctor as soon as you can if you’re experiencing:


Ø  morning sickness or other signs of pregnancy

Ø  decreased sexual desire

Ø  vaginal dryness or pain during sex

Ø  skipped periods or increasingly irregular cycles

Ø  difficulty conceiving

Ø  pelvic pain

Ø  hair loss or hair growth on your face or trunk

Ø  depression after giving birth

Ø  prolonged menopause symptoms that interfere with your life

Sexual desire and contraception

Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone all play a task 
in female concupiscence — also called libido — and sexual functioning. Due to hormonal fluctuations, females are generally at the height of concupiscence just before ovulation.

There’s generally less fluctuation in libido if you’re using hormonal contraception 
methods, which affect hormone levels. Your libido may also fluctuate less after menopause.

Undergoing surgery to get rid of 
your adrenal glands or ovaries cuts down on testosterone production, which may cause a drop by your libido.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of

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