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Maternal Death : Overview

What Is Maternal Mortality?

When a lady 
dies from anything having to try to with pregnancy, it's called maternal mortality or maternal death. Maternal death can happen while a lady is pregnant, during labor and delivery, or within the 42 days after childbirth or the termination of pregnancy.

If a lady 
passes faraway from an accident or a health issue that does not have anything to try to with the pregnancy, then it's not considered a pregnancy-related death.



Severe complications of pregnancy and maternal death are rare. With proper medical aid, most of the issues 
that happen during pregnancy, childbirth, and therefore the postpartum period are often treated or maybe prevented.

However, in other parts of the planet, these conditions are more dangerous. Here are the leading causes of maternal mortality.

Postpartum Hemorrhage

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is excessive bleeding and loss of blood after childbirth. a talented 
health care provider can usually stop the bleeding. But, if a healthcare provider with the right knowledge and skills isn't available, a mother can die from losing an excessive amount of blood.

High vital sign 
and Eclampsia

Prenatal care and testing usually devour 
issues like high vital sign and protein within the urine. With good medical aid, doctors can treat and monitor pre-eclampsia. But, without care, it can become dangerous and cause death. Hypertensive disorders are liable for 14% of pregnancy-related deaths.


Women can get an infection from unsafe abortion, unsanitary delivery, or very long labor. A scarcity 
of understanding and knowledge on personal hygiene and the way to worry for the body after childbirth also can put a mom in danger for infection. About 11 percent of maternal deaths are the results of an infection.


Termination of Pregnancy

According to a report on abortion surveillance by the CDC, "Deaths of girls 
related to complications from abortion for 2015 are being assessed as a part of CDC’s Pregnancy Mortality closed-circuit television. In 2014, the foremost recent year that data were available, six women were identified to possess died as a results of complications from legal abortion.”

However, in other areas of the planet, unsafe abortion may be a 
leading explanation for death among women who have an unintended pregnancy. Consistent with a paper published in 2009, unsafe abortions are why approximately 68,000 women die annually.

Pulmonary Embolism

A embolism 
(PE) may be a grume within the lungs. PE can develop after delivery, and therefore the risk is higher with a cesarean delivery. About percent of maternal deaths are thanks to embolism.


Why do women die?

Women die as results of complications during and following pregnancy and childbirth. Most of those complications develop during pregnancy and most are preventable or treatable. Other complications may exist before pregnancy but are worsened during pregnancy, especially if not managed as a part of the woman’s care. The main complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are:


Ø  severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth)

Ø  infections (usually after childbirth)

Ø  high vital sign during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)

Ø  complications from delivery

Ø  Unsafe abortion.

The remainder are caused by or associated with infections like 
malaria or related to chronic conditions like cardiac diseases or diabetes.


Who response?

Improving maternal health is one among 
who key priorities. Works to contribute to the reduction of maternal mortality by increasing research evidence, providing evidence-based clinical and programmatic guidance, setting global standards, and providing technical support to Member States on developing and implementing effective policy and programmes.
As defined within the Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality Strateg, is functioning with partners in supporting countries towards:


Ø     addressing inequalities in access to and quality of reproductive, maternal, and newborn health care services;

Ø     ensuring universal health coverage for comprehensive reproductive, maternal, and newborn health care;

Ø     addressing all causes of maternal mortality, reproductive and maternal morbidities, and related disabilities;

Ø     strengthening health systems to gather top quality data so as to reply to the requirements and priorities of girls and girls; and

Ø     ensuring accountability so as to enhance quality of care and equity.


Why do women not get the care they need?

Poor women in remote areas are the smallest amount 
likely to receive adequate health care. This is often very true for regions with low numbers of skilled doctors.

The latest available data suggest that in most high income and upper middle income countries, quite 
90% of all births enjoy the presence of a trained midwife, doctor or nurse. However, fewer than half all births in several low income and lower-middle-income countries are assisted by such skilled health personnel.

The main factors that prevent women from receiving or seeking care during pregnancy and childbirth are:


Ø  poverty

Ø  distance to facilities

Ø  lack of data

Ø  inadequate and poor quality services

Ø  cultural beliefs and practices.

To improve maternal health, barriers that limit access to quality maternal health services must be identified and addressed at both health system and societal levels.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of


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