What is hyperemesis gravidarum?
Many women experience nausea (nausea) during pregnancy. This condition is usually harmless. While nausea are often quite uncomfortable, it typically goes away within 12 weeks.
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is an extreme sort of nausea that causes severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum?
HG usually starts during the primary trimester of pregnancy. but half women with HG experience symptoms their entire pregnancy, notes the HER Foundation.
Some of the foremost common symptoms of HG are:
Ø feeling nearly constant nausea
Ø loss of appetite
Ø vomiting quite three or fourfold per day
Ø becoming dehydrated
Ø feeling light-headed or dizzy
Ø losing quite 10 pounds or 5 percent of your weight thanks to nausea or vomiting
What causes hyperemesis gravidarum?
Almost all women experience a point of nausea during their pregnancy. nausea is nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Despite the name, nausea isn’t confined to the morning. It can occur at any time.
Morning sickness and HG seem to possess a connection to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). this is often a hormone created during pregnancy by the placenta. Your body produces an outsized amount of this hormone at a rapid rate early in pregnancy. These levels can still rise throughout your pregnancy.
Who’s in danger for hyperemesis gravidarum?
Some factors that would increase your risk of getting HG are:
Ø having a history of HG in your family
Ø being pregnant with quite one baby
Ø being overweight
Ø being a first-time mother
Trophoblastic disease also can cause HG. Trophoblastic disease occurs when there’s an abnormal growth of cells inside the uterus.
How is hyperemesis diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask you about your medical record and your symptoms. a typical physical exam is enough to diagnose most cases. Your doctor will search for common signs of HG, like abnormally low vital sign or a quick pulse.
Blood and urine samples can also be necessary to see for signs of dehydration. Your doctor may additionally order additional tests to rule out gastrointestinal problems as a explanation for your nausea or vomiting.
An ultrasound could be necessary to seek out out if you’re pregnant with twins or if there’s any problems. This test uses sound waves to make a picture of the within of your body.
How is hyperemesis treated?
Treatment for HG depends on the severity of your symptoms. Your doctor may recommend natural nausea prevention methods, like vitamin B-6 or ginger. Try eating smaller, more frequent meals and dry foods, like crackers. Drink many fluids to remain hydrated. Severe cases of HG may require hospitalization. Pregnant women who are unable to stay fluids or food down thanks to constant nausea or vomiting will got to get them intravenously, or through an IV.
Medication is important when vomiting may be a threat to the lady or child. The foremost commonly used anti-nausea drugs are promethazine and meclizine. You’ll receive either through an IV or as a suppository.
Taking medication while pregnant can cause potential health problems for the baby, but in severe cases of HG, maternal dehydration may be a more concerning problem. Ask your doctor about the risks related to any method of treatment.
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