What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes may be a sort of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Diabetes means your blood sugar, also called blood glucose, is just too high. An excessive amount of glucose in your blood isn't good for you or your baby.
Gestational diabetes is typically diagnosed within the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy. Managing your gestational diabetes can assist you and your baby stay healthy. You’ll protect your own and your baby’s health by taking action directly to manage your blood sugar levels.
How can gestational diabetes affect my baby?
High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can cause problems for your baby, such as
Ø being born too early
Ø weighing an excessive amount of , which may make delivery difficult and injure your baby
Ø having low blood sugar , also called hypoglycemia, right after birth
Ø having breathing problems
High blood sugar can also increase the prospect that you simply will have a miscarriage or a stillborn baby. Stillborn means the baby dies within the womb during the last half of pregnancy.
Your baby also is going to be more likely to become overweight and develop type 2 diabetes as he or she gets older.
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
Usually, gestational diabetes has no symptoms. If you are doing have symptoms, they'll be mild, like being thirstier than normal or having to urinate more often.
What causes gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can’t make the additional insulin needed during pregnancy. Insulin, a hormone made in your pancreas, helps your body use glucose for energy and helps control your blood sugar levels.
During pregnancy, your body makes special hormones and goes through other changes, like weight gain. due to these changes, your body’s cells don’t use insulin well, a condition called insulin resistance. All pregnant women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy. Most pregnant women can produce enough insulin to beat insulin resistance, but some cannot. These women develop gestational diabetes.
Being overweight or obese is linked to gestational diabetes. Women who are overweight or obese may have already got insulin resistance once they become pregnant. Gaining an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy can also be an element.
Having a case history of diabetes makes it more likely that a lady will develop gestational diabetes, which suggests that genes play a task.
What increases my chance of developing gestational diabetes?
Your chance of developing gestational diabetes are higher if you
Ø Are overweight
Ø Had gestational diabetes before
Ø Have a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes
Ø Have prediabetes, meaning your blood sugar levels are above normal yet not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes
Ø Have a hormonal disorder called polycystic ovary, also referred to as PCOS
How am i able to lower my chance of developing gestational diabetes?
If you're brooding about becoming pregnant and are overweight, you'll lower your chance of developing gestational diabetes by losing extra weight and increasing physical activity before you become pregnant. Taking these steps can improve how your body uses insulin and help your blood sugar levels stay normal.
Once you're pregnant, don’t attempt to reduce. You would like to realize some weight for your baby to be healthy. However, gaining an excessive amount of weight too quickly may increase your chance of developing gestational diabetes. Ask your doctor what proportion weight gain and physical activity during pregnancy are right for you.
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