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Chlamydia : Overview

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia may be a 
common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria. People who have chlamydia often don’t have outward symptoms within the early stages.

In fact, about 90 percent of girls 
and 70 percent of men with the STI haven't any symptoms. But chlamydia can still cause health problems later.

Untreated chlamydia can cause serious complications, so it’s important to get regular screenings and talk with your doctor or healthcare provider if you have any concerns.


Chlamydia causes

Sex without a condom and unprotected oral sex are the main ways a chlamydia infection can be transmitted. But penetration doesn’t need to 
occur to contract it.

Touching genitals together may transmit the bacteria. It can also be contracted during anal sex.

Newborn babies can acquire chlamydia from their mother during birth. Most prenatal testing includes a chlamydia test, but it doesn’t hurt to double-check with an OB-GYN during the first prenatal checkup.

A chlamydia infection in the eye can occur through oral or genital contact with the eyes, but this isn’t common.Chlamydia also can 
be contracted even in someone who’s had the infection once before and successfully treated it.


How common is chlamydia?

In 2017, more than 1.7 million casesTrusted Source of chlamydia were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). However, many cases go unreported, so the real number of chlamydia infections every year may be closer to 3 millionTrusted Source.

Men and ladies 
can both get the infection, but more casesTrusted Source in women are reported.Infection rates are highest among younger women, with the highest ratesTrusted Source of infection occurring in women between ages 15 and 24.

The CDCTrusted Source recommends that each one 
sexually active women ages 25 years and younger get screened for chlamydia per annum , also as older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.Statistically, a person is more likely to get an STI if they’ve had sex with more than one person. Other risk factors include having had an STI in the past, or currently have an infection, because this could lower resistance.


Chlamydia symptoms in men

Many men don’t notice the symptoms of chlamydia. Most men have no symptoms at all.If symptoms do appear, it’s usually 1 to 3 weeks after transmission.Some of the most common symptoms of chlamydia in men include:


Ø  burning sensation during urination

Ø  yellow or green discharge from the penis

Ø  pain in the lower abdomen

Ø  pain in the testicles

It’s also possible to urge 
a chlamydia infection within the anus. In this case, the most symptoms are often discharge, pain, and bleeding from this area.Having head with someone who has the infection raises the danger for getting chlamydia within the throat. Symptoms can include a sore throat, cough, or fever. It’s also possible to carry bacteria in the throat and not know it.


Chlamydia symptoms in women

Chlamydia is often known as the “silent infection.” That’s because people with chlamydia may not experience symptoms at all.If a woman contracts the STI, it may take several weeks before any symptoms appear.

Some of the most common symptoms of chlamydia in women include:


Ø  painful sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)

Ø  vaginal discharge

Ø  burning sensation during urination

Ø  pain in the lower abdomen

Ø  inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis)

Ø  bleeding between periods


Chlamydia prevention

The surest way for a sexually active person to avoid contracting chlamydia is to use a condom during sexual intercourse.

To practice safe sex, it’s recommended to:


Ø  Use protection with each new partner.

Ø  Get tested regularly for STIs with new partners.

Ø  Avoid having oral sex, or use protection during oral sex, until a partner has been screened for STIs.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of


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