What Is Conduct Disorder?
Conduct disorder may be a group of behavioral and emotional problems that sometimes begins during childhood or adolescence. Children and adolescents with the disorder have a difficult time following rules and behaving during a socially acceptable way. They may display aggressive, destructive, and deceitful behaviors which will violate the rights of others. Adults and other children may perceive them as “bad” or delinquent, instead of as having a mental disease.
If your child has conduct disorder, they'll appear tough and assured . In reality, however, children who have conduct disorder are often insecure and inaccurately believe that folks are being aggressive or threatening toward them.
Types of Conduct Disorder
There are three types of conduct disorder. They’re categorized consistent with the age at which symptoms of the disorder first occur:
Ø Childhood onset occurs when the signs of conduct disorder appear before age 10.
Ø Adolescent onset occurs when the signs of conduct disorder appear during the teenage years.
Ø Unspecified onset means the age at which conduct disorder first occurs is unknown.
Some children are going to be diagnosed with conduct disorder with limited prosocial emotions. Children with this specific sort of conduct disorder are often described as callous and unemotional.
What Are the Symptoms of Conduct Disorder?
Children who have conduct disorder are often hard to regulate and unwilling to follow rules. They act impulsively without considering the consequences of their actions. They also don’t take other people’s feelings into consideration. Your child may have conduct disorder if they persistently display one or more of the subsequent behaviors:
Ø aggressive conduct
Ø deceitful behavior
Ø destructive behavior
Ø violation of rules
Aggressive conduct may include:
Ø intimidating or bullying others
Ø physically harming people or animals on purpose
Ø committing rape
Ø using a weapon
Deceitful behavior may include:
Ø breaking and entering
Destructive conduct may include arson and other intentional destruction of property.
Violation of Rules
Violation of rules may include:
Ø skipping school
Ø running away from home
Ø drug and alcohol use
Ø sexual behavior at a very young age
Boys who have conduct disorder are more likely to display aggressive and destructive behavior than girls. Girls are more susceptible to deceitful and rule-violating behavior.
Additionally, the symptoms of conduct disorder are often mild, moderate, or severe:
If your child has mild symptoms, it means they display little to no behavior problems in more than those required to form the diagnosis. Conduct problems cause relatively minor harm to others. Common issues include lying, truancy, and staying out after dark without parental permission.
Your child has moderate symptoms if they display numerous behavior problems. These conduct problems may have a light to severe impact on others. The problems may include vandalism and stealing.
Your child ha severe symptoms if they display behavior problems in more than those required to form the diagnosis. These conduct problems cause considerable harm to others. The problems may include rape, use of a weapon, or breaking and entering.
What Causes Conduct Disorder?
Genetic and environmental factors may contribute to the event of conduct disorder.
Damage to the lobe of the brain has been linked to conduct disorder. The lobe is that the a part of your brain that regulates important cognitive skills, like problem-solving, memory, and emotional expression. It’s also home to your personality. The lobe during a person with conduct disorder might not work properly, which may cause, among other things:
Ø a lack of impulse control
Ø a reduced ability to plan future actions
Ø a decreased ability to learn from past negative experiences
The impairment of the lobe could also be genetic, or inherited, or it's going to be caused by brain damage thanks to an injury. A child can also inherit personality traits that are commonly seen in conduct disorder.
The environmental factors that are related to conduct disorder include:
Ø child abuse
Ø a dysfunctional family
Ø parents who abuse drugs or alcohol
Who Is at Risk for Conduct Disorder?
The following factors may increase your child’s risk of developing conduct disorder:
Ø being male
Ø living in an urban environment
Ø living in poverty
Ø having a family history of conduct disorder
Ø having a family history of mental illness
Ø having other psychiatric disorders
Ø having parents who abuse drugs or alcohol
Ø having a dysfunctional home environment
Ø having a history of experiencing traumatic events
Ø being abused or neglected
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