Binge disorder (BED) may be a sort of feeding and disorder that’s now recognized as a politician diagnosis. It affects almost 2% of people worldwide and can cause additional health issues linked to diet, such as high cholesterol levels and diabetes.
Feeding and eating disorders aren't about food alone, which is why they’re recognized as psychiatric disorders. People typically develop them as a way of dealing with a deeper issue or another psychological condition, such as anxiety or depression.
What is binge disorder , and what are the symptoms?
People with BED may eat a lot of food in a short amount of time, even if they aren’t hungry. Emotional stress or destress often plays a task and might trigger a period of binge eating.
A person might feel a sense of release or relief during a binge but experience feelings of shame or loss of control afterward. For a healthcare professional to diagnose BED, three or more of the following symptoms must be present:
Ø eating much more rapidly than normal
Ø eating until uncomfortably full
Ø eating large amounts without feeling hungry
Ø eating alone due to feelings of embarrassment and shame
Ø feelings of guilt or disgust with oneself
What causes binge eating disorder?
The causes of BED aren't well understood but likely thanks to a spread of risk factors, including:
Genetics - People with BED may have increased sensitivity to dopamine, a chemical in the brain that’s responsible for feelings of reward and pleasure. There is also strong evidence that the disorder is inherited
Gender - BED is more common in women than in men. In the United States, 3.6% of women experience BED at some point in their lives, compared with 2.0% of men. This may be due to underlying biological factors
Changes in the brain - There are indications that folks with BED may have changes in brain structure that end in a heightened response to food and fewer self-control
Body size - Almost 50% of individuals with BED have obesity, and 25–50% of patients seeking weight loss surgery meet the standards for BED. Weight problems could also be both a cause and results of the disorder
Body image - People with BED often have a really negative body image. Body dissatisfaction, dieting, and overeating contribute to the development of the disorder
Binge eating - Those affected often report a history of binge eating because the first symptom of the disorder. This includes binge eating in childhood and the teenage years.
Emotional trauma - Stressful life events, such as abuse, death, separation from a family member, or a car accident, are risk factors. Childhood bullying due to weight may also contribute.
Other psychological conditions - Almost 80% of people with BED have at least one other psychological disorder, such as phobias, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), bipolar disorder, anxiety, or substance abuse
How is BED diagnosed?
While some people may occasionally overeat, such as at Thanksgiving or a party, it does not mean they have BED, despite having experienced some of the symptoms listed above.
BED typically starts in the late teens to early twenties, although it can occur at any age. People generally need support to help overcome BED and develop a healthy relationship with food. If left untreated, BED can last for many years.
To be diagnosed, an individual must have had a minimum of one binge eating episode per week for a minimum of three months. The severity ranges from mild, which is characterized by one to 3 binge eating episodes per week, to extreme, which is characterized by 14 or more episodes per week
Another important characteristic is not taking action to “undo” a binge. This means that, unlike bulimia, a person with BED does not throw up, take laxatives, or over-exercise to try and counteract a binging episode.
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