Salmonella is that the name for a family of bacteria that cause diarrheal illness in humans. Salmonella is most ordinarily thought of because the bacteria that lives on raw poultry, and while this is often true, it's also found on raw beef, milk, eggs, and even fruits and vegetables. It are often spread directly from the contaminated food or from fecal contact with an infected person. Salmonella bacteria are the sort of bacteria that cause "food poisoning" (ie, a fever, vomiting, and diarrheal illness caused by contaminated food). this sort of "food poisoning" is more properly called salmonellosis. typhoid bacillus may be a sort of Salmonella that causes typhoid fever; this is often also includes fever, vomiting, and sometimes diarrheal illness, but it's far more severe that salmonellosis. Salmonella also can be spread from animals to humans; reptiles (including pet turtles) and chicks and ducklings (even people who look well and aren't sick) can spread Salmonella and cause salmonellosis in humans.
How do i buy Salmonella?
Ø By eating or drinking foods contaminated with Salmonella, usually raw or undercooked poultry or beef, raw milk, raw eggs, or contaminated fruits and vegetables.
Ø By handling certain animals, like reptiles (including pet turtles), chicks, or ducklings.
Who's at risk?
Anyone who comes into contact with Salmonella-infected foods may develop symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea; the very young, very old, and people who have a compromised system are at much higher risk of developing more serious complications from salmonellosis, like bacteria within the blood stream (sepsis) and death.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of salmonellosis include the following:
Ø Abdominal cramps
These symptoms start within hours to days of ingesting the contaminated food and typically last for a few weeks.
Stay hydrated, preferably with a liquid that contains some sugar and electrolytes, like a sports drink. Drink a minimum of 2 liters of liquid each day . Eat a bland (not spicy) diet . Avoid milk and dairy products until the diarrhea improves. Practice good hand hygiene, because the bacteria can easily be spread from one person to a different through fecal contamination.
When to hunt medical aid
If the diarrhea becomes bloody or lasts longer than a couple of days, or if you develop a high fever, see your doctor. If you experience signs of dehydration, like dizziness or fainting, or if you've got confusion , see a doctor immediately.
Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
Some Salmonella infections don't necessarily got to be treated, so your doctor might not prescribe anything. Typhoid and paratyphoid (caused by S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi) are usually treated with antibiotics. Your doctor may test a sample of your stool for cells and bacteria, and he/she may prefer to prescribe an antibiotic supported this test. there's no vaccine available for the kinds of Salmonella that cause salmonellosis. there's a vaccine available for S. Typhi, however, the bacterium that causes typhoid .
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