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Mental Health : Overview

What is mental health?

“Mental health may be a 
state of well-being during which a private realizes his or her own abilities, can deal with the traditional stresses of life, can work productively, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”

Risk factors for mental health conditions

Modifiable factors for mental health disorders include:


Ø  Socioeconomic conditions, such whether work is available in the local area

Ø  Occupation

Ø  A person’s level of social involvement

Ø  Education

Ø  Housing quality

Nonmodifiable factors include:


Ø  Gender

Ø  Age

Ø  Ethnicity

Common mental health disorders

The most common sorts of 
mental disease are as follows:


Ø  Anxiety disorders

Ø  Mood disorders

Ø  Schizophrenia disorders

Anxiety disorders

People with these conditions have severe fear or anxiety, which relates to certain objects or situations. Most people with an mental disorder 
will attempt to avoid exposure to whatever triggers their anxiety.

Examples of anxiety disorders include:

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

People might also experience physical symptoms, including


Ø  Restlessness

Ø  Fatigue

Ø  Tense muscles

Ø  Interrupted sleep

A bout of hysteria 
symptoms doesn't necessarily need a selected trigger in people with GAD.They may experience excessive anxiety on encountering everyday situations that don't present an immediate danger, like chores or keeping appointments. A person with GAD may sometimes feel anxiety with no trigger in the least .

Panic disorders

People with a anxiety disorder 
experience regular panic attacks, which involve sudden, overwhelming terror or a way of imminent disaster and death.


There are different types of phobia:


Ø     Simple phobias: These might involve a disproportionate fear of specific objects, scenarios, or animals. A fear of spiders is a common example. 


Ø     Social phobia: Sometimes known as social anxiety, this is a fear of being subject to the judgment of others. People with phobia often restrict their exposure to social environments. 


Ø     Agoraphobia: This term refers to a fear of situations in which getting away may be difficult, such as being in an elevator or moving train. Many people misunderstand this phobia as a fear of being outside. 


Phobias are deeply personal, and doctors don't know every type. There might be thousands of phobias, and what might sound unusual to at least one person could also be a severe problem that dominates lifestyle for an additional .

Mood disorders

People can also 
ask mood disorders as affective disorders or depressive disorders.People with these conditions have significant changes in mood, generally involving either mania, which may be a period of high energy and elation, or depression. Examples of mood disorders include:


Ø     Major depression: An individual with major depression experiences a constant low mood and loses interest in activities and events that they previously enjoyed. They can feel prolonged periods of sadness or extreme sadness.


Ø     Bipolar disorder: A person with bipolar disorder experiences unusual changes in their mood, energy levels, levels of activity, and ability to continue with daily life. Periods of high mood are referred to as manic phases, while depressive phases cause low mood. 


Ø     Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): Reduced daylight triggers during the fall, winter, and early spring months trigger this type of major depression. It is commonest in countries faraway from the equator.

Schizophrenia disorders

Mental health authorities are still trying to work out 
whether schizophrenia may be a single disorder or a gaggle of related illnesses. It is a highly complex condition.

Signs of schizophrenia typically develop between the ages of 16 and 30 years, consistent with 
the NIMH. The individual will have thoughts that appear fragmented, and that they can also find it hard to process information.
Schizophrenia has negative and positive symptoms. Positive symptoms include delusions, thought disorders, and hallucinations. Negative symptoms include withdrawal, lack of motivation, and a flat or inappropriate mood.



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