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Swimming/Recreational Water : Introduction , Guidelines , prevention


Swimming and other water-related activities are excellent ways to urge 
the physical activity and health benefits needed for a healthy life. Swims many many times in pools, oceans, lakes, rivers, and hot tubs/spas annually, and most of the people have a secure and healthy time enjoying the water. However, it is important to be aware of ways to prevent illness, sunburn, and drowning that can occur.

Residential Pool or Hot Tub Owners

Having an at-home pool or bathtub 
is often fun for the entire family. However, it is important for people who have pools or hot tubs at their homes to know how to take care of them. It is also essential to know what steps to take to keep everyone healthy and safe both in and around the water.

Public Health Professionals

Water-based physical activity, such as swimming, improves physical and mental health throughout life; however, it can put people at risk for recreational water–associated illness and injury. A recreational water illness outbreak is that the 
occurrence of comparable illnesses in 2 or more persons, epidemiologically linked by location and time of exposure to recreational water. For recreational water illness outbreaks have been reported CDC, and the number reported annually has increased significantly in recent years, especially the number of outbreaks associated with treated recreational water venues (e.g., pools and hot tubs/spas) reported annually.


Drowning results in approximately 4,000 deaths each year, is a leading cause of injury death among children ages 1–4 years, and more than half of fatal drownings in this age group occur in a pool . Nonfatal drowning also results in approximately emergency department (ED) visits each year; more than half of these patients are children ages 1–4 years, and approximately two thirds of nonfatal drownings in this age group occur in a pool . Pool chemical–associated health events (e.g., respiratory distress or burns) result in approximately 3,000–5,000 ED visits each year, and almost half of the patients are younger than 18 years of age 3-5.

Public Aquatic Facility Inspections

Code enforcement through inspections of public aquatic facilities is an important tool in preventing recreational water–associated illness and injury. An inspection of a public aquatic facility is an assessment of whether its operation and maintenance meet the standards set in the jurisdiction’s public health code. During inspections, environmental health practitioners can function 
illness-and-injury-prevention advisors to pool operators. Immediate closures and violations offer an opportunity to educate operators about how to properly operate and maintain aquatic facilities and why these measures are necessary to prevent repeated violations of given operation or maintenance standards publicly aquatic facility codes. By closing venues that pose a serious public health threat and by identifying violations to be corrected, environmental health practitioners play a vital role in minimizing risk for illness and injury at public aquatic facilities.

Aquatics Professionals

From aquatic facility designers to lifeguards, aquatic professionals are the primary 
line of defense against illness and injury at public aquatic venues. They provide information about the planning , construction, operation, maintenance, and management of public aquatic venues to help aquatic professionals in creating and maintaining healthy and safe environments for swimmers of all ages and skill levels.

Medical Professionals

The number of recreational water illness (RWI) outbreaks reported annually has increased dramatically in recent years. Cryptosporidium, which may 
stay alive for days even in well-maintained pools, has become the leading explanation for swimming pool-related outbreaks of diarrheal illness.


Here are 5 simple prevention messages medical professionals can share with their patients to help them proactively protect their health and the health of others every time they swim.


Ø  Don’t swim while ill with diarrhea.

Ø  For patients with cryptosporidiosis, don’t swim for an additional 2 weeks after diarrhea has resolved.

Ø  Don’t swallow the water.

Ø  Keep ears as dry as possible and dry ears thoroughly after swimming.

Ø  Don’t swim when you have open wounds.

Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of


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