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Suicide prevention : Introduction , Sign and Symptoms , Risk Factors , Treatment



Suicide may be a 
major public health concern. Over 48,000 people died by suicide within us in 2018; it's the 10th leading explanation for death overall. Suicide is complicated and tragic, but it's often preventable. Knowing the warning signs for suicide and the way to urge help can help save lives.


Signs and Symptoms

The behaviors listed below could also be 
signs that somebody is brooding about suicide.


Ø    Talking about eager to die or eager to kill themselves

Ø    Talking about feeling empty, hopeless, or having no reason to measure

Ø    Making an idea or trying to find how to kill themselves, like checking out lethal methods online, stockpiling pills, or buying a gun

Ø    Talking about great guilt or shame

Ø    Talking about feeling trapped or feeling that there are not any solutions

Ø    Feeling unbearable pain (emotional pain or physical pain)

Ø    Talking about being a burden to others

Ø    Using alcohol or drugs more often

Ø    Acting anxious or agitated

Ø    Withdrawing from family and friends

Ø    Changing eating and/or sleeping habits

Ø    Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge

Ø    Taking great risks that would cause death, like driving extremely fast

Ø    Talking or brooding about death often

Ø    Displaying extreme mood swings, suddenly changing from very sad to very calm or happy

Ø    Giving away important possessions

Ø    Saying goodbye to friends and family

Risk Factors

Suicide doesn't 
discriminate. People of all genders, ages, and ethnicities are often in danger. Suicidal behavior is complex, and there's no single cause. Many various factors contribute to someone making a suicide attempt. But people most in danger tend to share specific characteristics. The most risk factors for suicide are:


Ø  Depression, other mental disorders, or drug abuse disorder

Ø  Certain medical conditions

Ø  Chronic pain

Ø  A prior suicide attempt

Ø  Family history of a mental disturbance or drug abuse

Ø  Family history of suicide

Ø  Family violence, including physical or sexual assault

Ø  Having guns or other firearms within the home

Ø  Having recently been released from prison or jail

Ø  Being exposed to others' suicidal behavior, like that of relations , peers, or celebrities


Treatments and Therapies

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can help people learn new ways of handling 
stressful experiences through training. CBT helps individuals recognize their thought patterns and consider alternative actions when thoughts of suicide arise.

Dialectical behavior modification (DBT) has been shown to scale back suicidal behavior in adolescents. DBT has also been shown to scale back the speed of suicide in adults with borderline mental disorder, a mental disease characterized by an ongoing pattern of varying moods, self-image, and behavior that always leads to impulsive actions and problems in relationships. A therapist trained in DBT helps an individual recognize when his or her feelings or actions are disruptive or unhealthy, and teaches the talents needed to deal better with upsetting situations.

NIMH’s Find Help for Mental Illnesses page can assist you 
locate a psychological state provider in your area. Here are tips to assist prepare and guide you on the way to ask your health care provider about your psychological state and obtain the foremost of your doctor’s visit.



Some individuals in danger 
for suicide might enjoy medication. Doctors and patients can work together to seek out the simplest medication or medication combination, also because the right dose. Because many individuals in danger for suicide often have a mental disease and substance use problems, individuals might enjoy medication alongside psychosocial intervention.

Clozapine is an antipsychotic medication used primarily to treat individuals with schizophrenia.

If you're 
prescribed a medicine, make certain you:


Ø    Talk together with your doctor or a pharmacist to form sure you understand the risks and benefits of the medications you are taking.

Ø    Do not stop taking a medicine without lecture your doctor first. Suddenly stopping a medicine may cause "rebound" or worsening of symptoms. Other uncomfortable or potentially dangerous withdrawal effects are also possible.

Ø    Report any concerns about side effects to your doctor directly. You’ll need a change within the dose or a special medication.

Collaborative Care has been shown to be an efficient 
thanks to treat depression and reduce suicidal thoughts. A team-based Collaborative Care program adds two new sorts of services to usual primary care: behavioral health care management and consultations with a psychological state specialist.

The behavioral health care manager becomes a part of 
the patient’s treatment team and helps the first care provider evaluate the patient’s psychological state. If the patient receives a diagnosis of a psychological state disorder and needs treatment, the care manager, medical care provider, and patient work together to develop a treatment plan. This plan may include medication, psychotherapy, or other appropriate options.

Later, the care manager reaches bent 
see if the patient likes the plan, is following the plan, and if the plan is functioning or if changes are needed to enhance management of the patient’s disorders. The care manager and therefore the medical care provider also regularly review the patient’s status and care plan with a psychological state specialist, sort of a psychiatrist or psychiatric nurse, to make certain the patient is getting the simplest treatment options and improving.



Notice: Please consult your doctor before following any instruction of




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