What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a mental disease that generally appears in a person in early childhood or late adolescence. This mental disorder is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and several other cognitive impairments. Schizophrenia can be a lifelong struggle for people affected with this disease. People suffering from this mental disorder may hear sounds and voices that are not there in reality.
Some patients full of dementia praecox will feel and even win over themselves that others are reading their minds, plotting against them or controlling how they are thinking.
People living with schizophrenic patients often find hard to understand what the patient is talking about. In certain instances schizophrenic patient’s remains completely still, without taking for days. On other occasions, schizophrenic patients, when they seem to feel fine, may start explaining what they are truly. Thinking concerning. It is a very true fact that the effects of this mental disease reach far beyond the patients themselves.
It also affects their friends, families and the society. A sizable proportion of schizophrenic patients have to rely on others for their daily sustenance, since they often become unable to hold any job or pay attention of themselves. Many schizophrenic psychosis patients additionally resist their treatments as they feel that they're traditional, and there's nothing wrong with them.
What Doctors say about Schizophrenia:
Schizophrenia may be a severe brain disease that may involve breaks with reality. The mental illness, which affects 2.4 million adults in the U.S., disrupts people’s thought processes and ability to function day to day. Untreated, schizophrenia impairs people’s ability to manage their emotions and coexist with others. Problems with decision-making, focus, comprehension and memory affect some people as well, making it that much harder to succeed in class or work or to guide a freelance life.
While schizophrenia occurs in about 1 percent of the general population, the odds rise to 10 percent if a parent or sibling has it, and to roughly 50 percent if an identical twin does. Schizophrenia starts young.
Typically, symptoms 1st show up in individuals between years sixteen and thirty, per the National Institute of psychological state.
There are several evidences that suggest that environmental factors and genetic factors both acts together in bringing about this tragic and interminable disease. Which means, that the condition has and congenital inherited element, but it is also significantly triggered by environmental factors upon the patient. People who have no history of schizophrenia in their family, have less than 1% chance of getting affected by this illness, compared to people with a history of schizophrenia among their patients, where the risk is as high as 10%.
Some of the experts on this disease suggest that imbalance of a neurotransmitter known as dopamine, is involved in the onset of this mental disease. However, other neurotransmitters such as serotonin can also be involved in heralding this disease.
Ø Can't be cured, but treatment helps
Ø Require medical diagnosis
Ø Lab test sometimes required
Ø Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Ø Having delusions of persecution or delusions of grandeur, where the patients feel that have extraordinary powers and gifts.
Ø Wide range of hallucination, such as hearing voices, smelling things that do not exist.
Ø Though disorder, where the patient may jump from one subject to another for no logical cause.
Ø Being unaware of illness, or fear the medications may poison them.
Ø Poor or inappropriate expressions of emotions.
Ø Inability to concentrate, plan ahead and remember things and develop their lives.
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